Next: 3.2.1.1 Exercises Up: 3.2 Gridding of arbitrarily Previous: 3.2 Gridding of arbitrarily   Contents   Index

## 3.2.1 Nearest neighbor gridding

The GMT program nearneighbor implements a simple nearest neighbor'' averaging operation. It is the preferred way to grid data when the data density is high. nearneighbor is a local procedure which means it will only consider the control data that is close to the desired output grid node. Only data points inside a specified search radius will be used, and we may also impose the condition that each of the n sectors must have at least one data point in order to assign the nodal value. The nodal value is computed as a weighted average of the nearest data point per sector inside the search radius, with each point weighted according to its distance from the node as follows:

The most important switches are listed in Table 3.2.

Table 3.2: Switches used with the nearneighbor program.
 Option Purpose -Sradius[k] Sets search radius. Append k to indicate radius in kilometers [Default is x-units] -Eempty Assign this value to unconstrained nodes [Default is NaN] -Nsectors Sector search, indicate number of sectors [Default is 4] -W Read relative weights from the 4th column of input data

We will grid the data in the file ship.xyz which contains ship observations of bathymetry off Baja California. We desire to make a 5' by 5' grid. Running minmax on the file yields

ship.xyz: N = 82970     <245/254.705>   <20/29.99131>   <-7708/-9>


so we choose the region accordingly:

nearneighbor -R245/255/20/30 -I5m -S40k -Gship.grd -V ship.xyz


We may get a view of the contour map using


grdcontour ship.grd -JM6i -P -B2 -C250 -A1000 | ghostview -


Subsections

Next: 3.2.1.1 Exercises Up: 3.2 Gridding of arbitrarily Previous: 3.2 Gridding of arbitrarily   Contents   Index
Paul Wessel 2006-05-31